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Diet, nutrition, physical activity and stomach cancer

Authors/ source/ publisher
World Cancer Research Fund
Date added to library 26 April 2016
Year published
2016
Abstract
The World Cancer Research Fund has published a new analysis of worldwide research on stomach cancer. Published in April 2016, the report is the most rigorous, systematic, global analysis of the scientific research currently available on diet, weight, physical activity and stomach cancer, and which of these factors increase or decrease the risk of developing the disease. The report reviewed evidence from 89 studies from around the world. The studies examined around 17.5 million adults and nearly 77,000 cases of stomach cancer. Key findings include: There is strong evidence that consuming approximately three or more alcoholic drinks per day increases the risk of stomach cancer; There is strong evidence that consuming foods preserved by salting increases the risk of stomach cancer. Research mainly relates to high-salt foods and salt-preserved foods, including pickled vegetables and salted or dried fish, as traditionally prepared in east Asia; There is strong evidence that consuming processed meat increases the risk of stomach non-cardia cancer; There is strong evidence that being overweight or obese increases the risk of stomach cardia cancer. Being overweight or obese was assessed by body mass index (BMI).